There are two (2) basic carpet constructions: cut pile and loop pile. They can also be combined in one surface design to create a cut and loop construction. These constructions can also produce a vast range of different surface effects that are known as styles.
A simple loop pile with tufts of equal height normally in a ‘tight’ construction using fairly fine yarn.
This is also referred to as high-low loop or sculptured loop. As these names imply, this carpet is made up of different pile heights, two or three heights being the most common. The difference in height creates a surface that can be described as sculptured, with the pattern appearing to have been carved from the carpet.
Cut Pile Plush
Cut pile is achieved by cutting the tops of the loops so that they stand upright and form an even surface. Plush pile carpets are made of dense and lightly twisted fibre, providing a smooth velvet or velour finish and that luxurious look.
Cut Pile Twist
Cut pile is achieved by cutting the tops of the loops so they stand upright and form an even surface. A twist uses very highly twisted yarn to achieve a crisp feel and more textured appearance. This hard wearing texture can minimise tracking and shading.
Berber, Heather, Tweed
Normally made of thicker yarns tufted into chunky loop tufts and usually of earth tones with a flecked or mottled appearance.